Table 2– Characteristics of index patients with pulmonary tuberculosis reported to the Public Health Service (Amsterdam, the Netherlands) from 2008 to 2011
IncludedExcludedp-value#
All235 (80)57 (20)
Sex
 Males146 (80)37 (20)0.697
 Females89 (82)20 (18)
Age median (IQR)42 (28–58)39 (27–53)0.573+
 0–14 years2 (100)00.403
 15–34 years91 (78)26 (22)
 35–54 years73 (78)20 (22)
 ≥55 years69 (86)11 (14)
Country of birth
 The Netherlands63 (89)8 (11)0.044
 Outside the Netherlands172 (78)49 (22)
At risk
 No220 (81)51 (19)0.263
 Yes15 (71)6 (29)
Sputum smear status
 Positive154 (94)9 (6)<0.001
 Negative81 (63)48 (37)
MDR-TB
 No/unknown233 (81)55 (19)0.172
 Yes2 (50)2 (50)
HIV status
 Negative98 (75)33 (25)0.076
 Positive18 (90)2 (10)
 Unknown119 (84)22 (16)
  • Data are presented as n (%), unless otherwise stated. IQR: interquartile range; MDR-TB: multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. #: Chi-squared test or Fisher’s exact test, unless otherwise stated; : the homeless and drug users; +: Mann–Whitney U-test.