The 32-item Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ) has shown good responsiveness, reliability and construct validity; properties that are essential for use in clinical trials, clinical practice and surveys. However, to meet the needs of large clinical trials and long-term monitoring, where efficiency may take precedent over precision of measurement, the 15-item self-administered MiniAQLQ has been developed. The MiniAQLQ was tested in a 9-week observational study of 40 adults with symptomatic asthma. Patients completed the MiniAQLQ, the AQLQ, the Short Form (SF)-36, the Asthma Control Questionnaire and spirometry at baseline, 1, 5 and 9 weeks. In patients whose asthma was stable between clinic visits, reliability was very acceptable for the MiniAQLQ (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)=0.83), but not quite as good as for the AQLQ (ICC=0.95). Similarly, responsiveness in the MiniAQLQ (p=0.0007) was good but not quite so good as for the AQLQ (p<0.0001). Construct validity (correlation with other indices of health status) was strong for both the MiniAQLQ and the AQLQ. Criterion validity showed that there was no bias between the instruments (p=0.61) and the correlation between them was high (r=0.90). The Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire has good measurement properties but they are not quite as strong as those of the original Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire. The choice of questionnaire should depend on the task at hand.